The origin and history of the rastafarian religion

Christian Practices Christian practices vary by denomination, but common elements include a Sunday worship service, private and corporate prayer, study and reading of the Scriptures, and participation in rites such as baptism and communion known as sacraments.

The origin and history of the rastafarian religion

Ethiopianism, and Rastafari Terminology Amharic One of the many languages of Ethiopia; the language of the royal Ethiopian dynasty since the 13th century. Babylon From a Rastafari perspective, Babylon is the historically white-European colonial and imperialist power structure which has oppressed Blacks and other peoples of color.

Diaspora dispersion; a migration; the dispersion of an originally homogeneous people. The mass dispersion of peoples of a common culture or national origin is commonly referred to as a diaspora. Historically, these movements tend to be forced or involuntary.

They may be the result military occupation, systematic persecution, servitude, enslavement, or laws by which the dominant society defines an ethnic group as marginal, undesireable, or subordinate. These movements also tend to reflect pervasive regional or global forces that separate peoples of common origin form their homeland real or imaginedleaving them to think of themselves as exiles.

Such is the case of the African diaspora which began in the early 16th century and displaced tens of millions of Africans from their ancestral continent to various sites in the New World.

In the Caribbean context, this term is used to refer to individuals who came to the Caribbean mostly Trinidad, Jamaica, and Guyana during the late 19th century as indentured laborers see image gallery.

Elders The term given to individuals of longstanding commitment in the Rasta Movement. In everyday speech, the status of male individuals as elders is often acknowledged by use of the term "Bongo" as an honorific e.

The origin and history of the rastafarian religion

Ital The Rastafari term for a saltless and vegetarian diet. Although not all Rastafari adhere strictly to such a diet, it serves as a model for idealized lifeways of practitioners. During Nyabinghi ceremonies which last for up to a weekan Ital diet is part of the ritual protocol observed by communicants.

The term derives from the Old Testament where it appears as an archaic form of "Jehovah" see Psalm Maroons A term derived from the Spanish word cimarron, meaning wild or unruly, used to refer to runaway slaves in various parts of the Caribbean.

In Jamaica, Maroon settlements formed in the island's mountainous interior as early as the midth century. While small in number compared to the overall population in Jamaica, Maroons retained strong African-derived traditions and remained proud of their cultural heritage.

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In the 20th century, Rastafari culture has continued to carry forward this African pride in Jamaica and other parts of the Black Diaspora. Nyabinghi Ni-uh-bin-gee This term has a series of overlapping meanings within the contemporary Rastafari Movement.

It refers variously to the island-wide religious gatherings of Rasta brethren and sistren at which communicants "praise Jah" and "chant down Babylon," to the three-part drum ensemble on which chants are composed, to the African-derived dance-drumming style performed at these events, and to the corpus of chants themselves.

It also refers to the most orthodox organization within the broader Rasta movement variously known as the House of Nyabinghi or the Theocratic Government of Emperor Haile Selassie I.


The term Nyabinghi entered the movement in late during the Italian Invasion of Ethiopia and is actually derived from an African secret society which operated in the Congo and Ruwanda during the last quarter of the 19th century.

Ras is an Amharic term equivalent to duke or lord.

The British Empire, Slavery, and Indentured Servitude

And Tafari Makonnen was the family name of Emperor Selassie. Rastafari is the same name taken by members of the Rastafari movement who regard the Ethiopian Emperor as the reincarnation of Christ as well as the embodiment of the Godhead.

The origin and history of the rastafarian religion

Reggae Sometimes called "the King's music" or "roots music", reggae is the Rasta-inspired music of black protest which emerged in Jamaica during the late s. Reggae reflects the basic rhythmic influences of Nyabinghi drumming as well as that of other African Jamaican musical traditions.

During the s, Rastafari-inspired reggae themes became central to the emergent national consciousness of Jamaicans, both Rastafari and non-Rastafari alike. During this same period, the music developed an international following in Europe, the United States, and on the African continent.

West Indian The term used to refer to the peoples and cultures of the Caribbean archipelago and parts of the Circum-Caribbean rimlands from present-day Belize to Jamaica in the Greater Antilles to Trinidad and Barbados in the Lesser Antilles.

Hence, Jamaicans, Trinidadians, Antiguans, and others are often referred to collectively as West Indians. This is a problematic term since it does not refer to a single ethnic, linguistic, or national background.Rastafarianism is a small but distinctive religious group based in Jamaica, yet despite its modest size it has achieved significant global consciousness — principally through cultural symbolism and on as Culture Trip charts the fascinating history of this culturally significant religious movement.

Rastafarian God? Yes, Rastafarians have their own black God. His name is Emperor Haile Selassie, or King Selassie I. He was born in Ethiopia on July 23 He was crowned emperor, of Ethiopia on November 2nd ON That same date his wife Empress Menen was Crowned Queen of Ethiopia.

The story of Continue reading →. Apr 21,  · This video outlines the history and beliefs of the Rastafari Movement.

Beginnings of Rastafarianism

Presented by professor Joshua Lindsey for Comparative Religion class at Master's Baptist College of Fargo, ND. Herodotus, a Greek historian from the fifth century B.C.E. known as the “Father of History,” wrote that the Scythians held religious ceremonies in tent-like structures where they burned hemp.

Oct 21,  · Rastafarian history. The history of Rastafari begins with the colonisation of Africa, or 'Ethiopia' as it is known to believers, by Europeans. The European powers took many Africans as slaves, and. Santeria rituals include engaging the orishas through dancing, eating, singing, drumming, and more.

A bembê is an example of a ceremony that welcomes the orisha to join in the festivities. The rituals of Santeria can take place at a home with altars or at a hall which is properly decorated.

Rastafari Speaks | A Sketch of Rastafari History