In this presentation, Paul Deslandes of the University of Vermont gives bite-sized overviews of each free-response question—how students performed, teaching tips for areas where students struggled, and a deeper understanding of the questions and results.
September 15,4: It was one of those bizarre instances of historical contradiction, where an era that was concerned with freedom and individual liberty crashed into one simultaneously obsessed with despotic rulers concerned with their absolutist political control.
Oxymoronic or not, the AP European History Exam loves to test on complicated topics such as this one. Not only do we lay out the details that characterized the movement, but we place it in the appropriate historical context.
On top of that, we will be covering all of the key figures that comprised the Enlightened Absolutism movement. And finally, we will finish this AP Euro review off with a detailed explanation of the ways that this term and its associated historical figures will most likely show up on your upcoming AP European History exam.
So, put on your Enlightenment-era thinking caps and think like a despot, so you can dominate over your upcoming AP Euro exam. What is Enlightened Absolutism? Enlightened Absolutism is basically the belief in Enlightenment-era rationality and the concern for social problems, but intermixed with the belief in an absolute monarchy or despotism.
What this means is that monarchies were justifying their absolute governing power through 18th and early 19th century concerns about education, health, legal order, individual rights, and tolerance. Rather than finding their authority in religious autocracy, these rulers particularly in Europe looked thinkers like Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Hobbes.
Frederick the Great actually said it rather well in a letter to Voltaire: Let us admit the truth: But it does accurately represent the ways that Enlightened Absolutists felt about the monarchy or in this case, about themselves. They often articulated the belief that the common people required a benevolent absolute leader, someone to care for their needs and provide order to a world that was defined by chaos.
But it was also about so much more. These Enlightened Absolutists often encouraged more democratic participation in the states that they were running. They often did this by implementing laws for the benefit of their people, funding education, and even encouraging production of the arts and sciences.
In fact, Frederick the Great was probably the most vocal supporter of the movement itself. But more on that later. Putting Enlightened Absolutism into Context Why was this taking place? You would be right to ask these types of questions. And yes, it was a bit odd.
But it also makes a lot of sense in a way too. As you may be aware from your other AP Euro studies, absolute monarchies were all the rage before the 18 century.
They believed in total control, and justified that control in religious terms. They believed they were religiously chosen to rule the people.
In particular, they believed that their power was absolute. It was ordained by God, basically. That meant it could not be challenged and that if the people were suffering, well that must be the will of God then. But the Enlightenment came along in the 18th century that began to question the role of religion in human relations.
Instead, Enlightenment thinkers began to believe in rationalism, the people in a people-oriented government, and a reliance on science rather than religion. You hopefully already know a bit of this from your AP Euro History studies, but it never hurts to have a recap.
The Enlightenment was an 18th century intellectual, political, and social movement that characterized much of European thought across the continent. Everyone was into this, from kings to philosophers to peasants. With the help of revolutionary thinkers like Voltaire, Descartes, Montesquieu, Spinoza, etc.
New ideas about freedom, tolerance, progress and especially liberal governance began to form. It became so powerful that the ruling elites of Europe began spouting Enlightenment thought even if their power and control oftentimes seemed to contradict what these thinkers were trying to say.Additionally, the AP European History Test measures the following skills: • The ability to analyze historical evidence • The ability to express historical understanding in writing.
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Ch. 16 AP Euro (Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Western Europe) Might as well be "The Chapter of Louis XIV" Some extra stuff was added for Quizbowl purposes. STUDY.
Explore timing and format for the AP European History Exam, and review sample questions, Sample student responses to an AP European History long essay question, scored using the AP history rubric. Includes scoring guidelines and commentary.
PDF; MB; AP European History Sample Questions Document. and the Advanced Placement Program.
The on free-response questions and to increase the amount of choice and flexibility on the exam changes include: w The document-based question will be limited to topics in t he course, beginning in w The long essay question choices will continue to focus on the same theme and skill, now.
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