While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities "unwise and untimely. If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would have little time for anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and I would have no time for constructive work.
The symbolism of the flag is simple and straightforward: It represents the Confederate side in the war that you enjoy studying. More than likely, your knowledge of the flag has expanded and become more sophisticated over the years.
Many Confederate units served under battle flags that looked nothing like the red flag with the star-studded blue cross. And, at some point in your life, you became aware that not everyone shared your perception of the Confederate flag.
Why do people have such different and often conflicting perceptions of what the Confederate flag means, and how did those different meanings evolve?
That problem was what compelled Confederate commanders to design and employ the vast array of other battle flags used among Confederate forces throughout the war. Anyone today hoping to understand why so many Americans consider the flag an object of veneration must understand its status as a memorial to the Confederate soldier.
Heritage Auction, Dallas, TX If all Confederate flags had been furled once and for all inthey would still be contentious symbols as long as people still argue about the Civil War, its causes and its conduct.
But the Confederate flag did not pass once and for all into the realm of history in And for that reason, we must examine how it has been used and perceived since then if we wish to understand the reactions that it evokes today.
The flag never ceased being the flag of the Confederate soldier and still today commands wide respect as a memorial to the Confederate soldier. The history of the flag since is marked by the accumulation of additional meanings based on additional uses. Within a decade of the end of the war even before the end of Reconstruction inwhite Southerners began using the Confederate flag as a memorial symbol for fallen heroes.
Far from being suppressed, the Confederate version of history and Confederate symbols became mainstream in the postwar South. The Confederate national flags were part of that mainstream, but the battle flag was clearly preeminent. The United Confederate Veterans UCV issued a report in defining the square ANV pattern flag as the Confederate battle flag, effectively writing out of the historical record the wide variety of battle flags under which Confederate soldiers had served.
What is remarkable looking back from the 21st century is that, from the s and into the s, Confederate heritage organizations used the flag widely in their rituals memorializing and celebrating the Confederacy and its heroes, yet managed to maintain effective ownership of the flag and its meaning.
Hints of change were evident by the early 20th century. The battle flag had emerged not only as the most popular symbol of the Confederacy, but also of the South more generally. By the s, as Southern men mingled more frequently with non-Southerners in the U.
Armed Forces and met them on the gridiron, they expressed their identity as Southerners with Confederate battle flags. College campuses are often incubators of cultural change, and they apparently were for the battle flag. Lee was its president. A Confederate memorial organization in its own right, Kappa Alpha was also a fraternity and introduced Confederate symbols into collegiate life.
It was in the hands of students that the flag burst onto the political scene in Student delegates from Southern colleges and universities waved battle flags on the floor of the Southern States Rights Party convention in July The Confederate flag became a symbol of protest against civil rights and in support of Jim Crow segregation.
But most observers concluded that the flag fad was another manifestation of youth-driven material culture. Confederate heritage organizations correctly perceived the Dixiecrat movement and the flag fad as a profound threat to their ownership of the Confederate flag.
All those efforts proved futile. Dixiecrats jubilantly wave Confederate flags at their Birmingham, Ala. Board of Education decision, defenders of segregation increasingly employed the use of the battle flag as a symbol of their cause.
Although founded by Confederate veterans almost immediately after the Civil War, the KKK did not use the Confederate flag widely or at all in its ritual in the s and s or during its rebirth and nationwide popularity from to the late s.
Only with a second rebirth in the late s and s did the battle flag take hold in the Klan.🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes.
Thus at Venice the College, even in the absence of the Doge, is called "Most Serene Prince." The Palatine of Posen, father of the King of Poland, Duke of Lorraine. Discover TWIHL on Google Play Music. Listen to Nicolas Terry and his guests discuss the most pressing issues in Health Law & Policy.
Subscribe at Apple Podcasts or Google Play, listen at Stitcher Radio Tunein or Podbean, or search for The Week in Health Law in your favorite podcast app.
(If you are new to Podcasts this page should help). Recent episodes are also available on YouTube. Like housing segregation, school segregation is most pronounced in the north-east and midwest. Ironically, the most integrated schools are in America’s suburbs. Still perceived as prosperous white enclaves, suburban communities are now at the cutting edge .
No, this isn't another post about that horrible Nancy MacLean book, but it is related. As an early, vociferous critic of the book, I wound up in email, blog, and Twitter debates with some of her. Allowing students to see segregation in the past and compare it to what it looks like today and debate whether the term segregation is just racial or has more meaning to the term would be a .